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Architect Day: Jean Nouvel

Jean Nouvel today has one of the biggest architecture offices in France. With a wide variety of bold designs, he implements a new architecture separate from the modernist movement and postmodernism. Son of two teachers, Jean Nouvel was born in Fumel in Lot-et-Garonne, France, on August 12, 1945. His family began to move frequently when his father became the chief superintendent of the local schools. “Each new situation requires a new architecture.” From the beginning his parents encouraged him to study mathematics and languages, but Nouvel had always been interested in the arts, and at 16 years of age, he had a deeper contact when he learned to draw with one of his teachers. Influences After not gaining acceptance to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux, he moved to Paris, where he won first place in a national competition to enter the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts. Between 1967 and 1970 he worked as assistant to the architects Claude Parent and Paul Virilio, who after a year, already designated him as project manager in charge of a large apartment complex. Nouvel completed his course at age 25 and soon started his own partnership with François Seigneur. Between 1972 and 1984, he had 3 different partnerships with Lezen Gilbert, Jean-François Guyot, and Pierre Soria. In 1985, he formed the Jean Nouvel et Associés in 1988 and the JNec. His office works, Ateliers Jean Nouvel, was formed in 1994 with Michel Pélissié. Works Historically, Jean Nouvel has worked to create a stylistic language separate from the foundations of modernism and post-modernism. For this, he began each project with a mind free of preconceived ideas. Although at times he strays from traditional forms, Nouvel creates buildings that go beyond the traditional parameters. Nouvel holds great concern for the environment of his projects, seeking a harmony between the work and its context. He consistently presents a fusion of elements of shadow, light and transparency. “I am a hedonist, and I want to give pleasure to other people.” Nemausus, Nimes, France Pierre et Vacances, Cap d’Ail, France 40 mercer Soho Residences, New York, USA Euralille, Lille, France Gasometer, Vienna, Austria Mulhouse - Cité Manifeste, Mulhouse, France Foundation Cognac-Jay, Rueil Malmaison, France Aquatic Complex, Le Havre, France Brembo Technical Center, Bergamo, Italy Fondation Cartier, Paris, France Agbar Tower, Barcelona, Spain La Defense, Paris, France Andel Building, Prague, Czech Republic Galleries Lafayette, Berlin, Germany Technology Center, Wismar, Germany Arab World Institute, France CLMBBDO, France Guthrie Theater, USA Law Courts, France Expo 02, Switzerland Culture and Convention Center, Lucern, Switzerland Reina Sofia Museum Extension, Madrid, Spain Dubai Opera House, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Copenhagen Concert Hall, Copenhagen, Denmark ONYX, Saint Herblain, France

Architect Day: Richard Meier

Richard Meier's work is easily recognized in most cases by the use of white and its uses. He established his own pattern of work, which today serves as the inspiration for great architects, forming a school of his architecture. Photos from Richard Meier was born in Newark, New Jersey on October 12th, 1934. He studied architecture in Cornell University, graduating in 1957. “I believe that architecture has the power to inspire, to elevate the spirit, to feed both the mind and the body. It is for me the most public of the arts.” Influences After college, Meier worked in several architecture offices. In 1959, he worked briefly for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, after working for 3 years for Marcel Breuer. In 1963 he started his own work in New York and already in 1972 was identified as one of The New York Five, together with Peter Eisenmanm, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey and John Hejduk. Richard Meier was greatly influenced by architect Le Corbusier, using many of his ideas in his work. Mies Van der Rohe and Frank Lloyd Wright were also extremely important for his career. Works Meier has a concept of designing very clear and his works are easily recognized. Over time one can see the consistency and dedication in his work which forms his philosophy in all works. His more recent works, however, show a greater refinement compared with his first projects. Richard Meier has done countless residential projects, all with interesting variations on the theme while every solution maintaining a great aesthetic quality and functionality. In 1984 he received the Pritzker Prize, rewarding a great career and a great variety of work performed. “White is the most wonderful color because within it you can see all the colors of the rainbow. The whiteness of white is never just white; it is almost always transformed by light and that which is changing; the sky, the clouds, the sun and the moon.” Lambert House, New York, USA. Smith House, New York, USA Saltzman House, New York, USA Bronx Development Center, New York, USA Douglas House, Michigan, USA Museum for the Decorative Arts, Frankfurt, Germany Siemens Headquarters Building, Munich, Germany The Getty Center, California, USA Siemens Office and Research Facilities, Munich, Germany Richard Meyer & Partners New York Office, New York, USA Barcelona Museum of Contemporany Art, Barcelona, Spain KNP Headquarters, Hilversum, The Netherlands Camden Medical Centre, Singapore Rachofsky House, Texas, USA United States Courthouse, New York, USA Gagosian Gallery, California, USA United States Courthouse, Arizona, USA Ara Pacis Museum, Rome, Italy Jubilee Church, Rome, Italy Tan House, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Peek & Cloppenburg Department Store, Düsseldorf, Germany Southern California Beach House, California, USA UCLA Eli & Edythe Broad Art Center, California, USA Burda Museum, Baden-Baden, Germany Joy Apartment, New York, USA Arp Museum, Rolandseck, Germany Malibu Beach House, California, USA 9900 Wilshire, California, USA Tianjin Villa, Tianjin, China On Prospect Park, New York, USA

Architect Day: Daniel Libeskind

The architecture of Daniel Libeskind is striking and characteristic. A man with a great life story, a degree in music and professor of architecture at several universities, had his highest recognition on winning the bid for the new World Trade Center in New York. His repertoire of projects, however, clearly shows his work concepts. Photos from Daniel Libeskind was born in Lodz in Poland after the war, on 12 May 1946. He is the second son to Dora and Nachman Libeskind, survivors of the Holocaust. As a child he learned to play the accordion, and was even on Polish television at 13 years of age. He studied music in Israel Cultural Foundation Scholarship. In 1959, Libeskind's family moved to New York. There Daniel continued to study music becoming a virtuoso. He studied at the Bronx High School of Science and in 1965 became an American citizen. Completing his studies, he graduated in 1970 from the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art and received his post-graduate degree in 1972 in History and Theory of Architecture at the School of Comparative Studies at Essex University. Influences Libeskind worked briefly as an apprentice to Richard Meyer and was hired by Peter Eisenman, but didn't stay long. He met his future wife and working partner in 1966. After a few years, they married and traveled to the United States, visiting the works of Frank Lloy Wright. After that, Daniel taught at several universities around the world. Since this was his main activity for a long time, he only finalized his first project at age 52, the Felix Nussbaum Haus. Works Early on Libeskind was labeled as the architect whose designs were impossible to be built. He won his first competition in 1987, a house in Berlin, but was never built. The Jewish Museum Berlin was the first major project to be built, with greater recognition, but became more famous after winning the tender for the reconstruction of the area of the former World Trade Center, destroyed in the attack of September 11, a project that was named as Memory Foundations. Studio Daniel Libeskind is two blocks from the WTC site, and has projects in all corners of the world. In addition to building some securities, Daniel also designs stages for theaters and operas, where there is a clear relationship to his architecture. “Ever since I began architecture, I had an abhorrence to conventional architecture offices. There was something about the atmosphere of redundancy, routine and production that made me allergic to all forms of specialization and so-called professionalism. Ten years ago we founded our office in Berlin as a result of a decision, an accident, a rumor on the street and began an unimaginable journey down a path on which we are still traveling.” 18.36.54, Connecticut, USA The Ascent at Roebling’s Bridge, Kentucky, USA. Cape Grace, Monaco Contemporary Jewish Museum, California, USA Danish Jewish Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark Dream Hub, Seoul, South Korea Extension to the Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado, USA Denver Art Museum Residences, Denver, Colorado, USA Felix Nussbaum Haus, Osnabrück, Germany Fiera Milano, Milan, Italy Glass Courtyard, Berlin, Germany Grand Canal Square Theatre, Dublin, Ireland Imperial War Museum North, Manchester, England Jewish Museum Berlin, Berlin, Germany London Metroplitan University Graduate Centre, London, England Memorial Foundations, New York, New York, USA New York Tower, New York, New York, USA Riverstone, Incheon, South Korea Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada Studio Weil, Mallorca, Spain Tangent, Seoul, South Korea The Villa, Worldwide Westside Shopping and Leisure Centre, Bern, Switzerland The Wohl Centre, Ramat-Gan, Israel

Architect Day: Zaha Hadid

She is the first woman to win the Pritzker Prize. Her architecture has won many competitions and is now one of the most sought-after in the world. She has her place in architecture and product design, being named among the one hundred most powerful women in the world. Born in Baghdad on October 31, 1950, Zaha Hadid graduated in mathematics at the American University of Beirut. After that she moved to London and began her course at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. Zaha Hadid was taught by Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis, teachers and architects from the OMA - Office for Metropolitan Architecture. After her graduation in 1977, she was invited to join the office of her former teachers. During the 80s, in the same way as her teachers, she taught at the Architectural Association and many other schools all over the world such as Harvard and the likes. Influences Zaha was greatly influenced, during the course of architecture and after graduation, by architect Rem Koolhaas. He was also the one who presented Zaha to engineer Peter Rice, who played an important role early on in her career. “I don't think that racism is as big a problem as the woman business. But I've never faced it in Europe” Peter Rice encouraged and strengthened Zaha Hadid's concepts when her projects were seen with different eyes through the difficulty in their being built. She won many competitions, some not executed, but always generating controversy with her design solutions. Works She founded her own office in London in 1980. Her polemical works generate discussion around the world, but the fact is that her architecture is unique, which influences many young architects who follow the same chain. The truth is that her lines and concepts are clear and easy to identify in a split second. In 2004, Zaha Hadid won the Pritzker Prize, becoming the first and only woman to receive the award. Last year, she was included in the Forbes list under "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women", justifying all the fame and commercial appeal that her name began to be producing for major companies in the world. “ Architecture is really about well-being. I think that people want to feel good in a space... On the one hand it’s about shelter, but it’s also about pleasure. The intention is to really carve out of a city civic spaces and the more it is accessible to a much larger mass in public and it’s about people enjoying that space. That makes life that much better. If you think about housing, education, whether schools and hospitals, these are all very interesting projects because in the way you interpret this special experience. ” Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Arts, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA LF One/Landesgartenschau, Weil am Rhein, Germany Ordrupgaard Museum Extension, Copenhagen, Denmark Groninger Forum Terminal Hoenheim-North, Strasbourg, France Nuragic and Contemporany Art Museum, Cagliari, Italy Vitra Fire Station, Weil am Rhein, Germany Bergisel Ski-Jump, Innsbruck, Austria MAXXI: National Museum of XXI Century Arts, Rome, Italy Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, Germany Serpentine Gallery Pavilion, London, England Maggie’s Centre, Fife, Scotland. BMW Central Building, Leipzig, Germany Bridge Pavilion, Zaragoza, Spain CMA CGM Tower, Marseille, France High speed train station, Afragola, Italy Nordkettenbahn, Innsbruck, Austria Tondonia Winery Pavilion, Haro, Spain Chanel Mobile Art Pavilion, Worldwide Burnham Pavilion, Chicago, Illinois, USA J. S. Bach Pavilion, Manchester, UK Guggenheim-Hermitage Vilnius, Vilnius, Lithuania London Aquatics Centre, London, England Abu Dhabi Performing Arts Centre, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Zaha Hadid Products

Architect Day: Antoine Predock

His projects have impressive moves, the volume and the materials of the buildings make it seem part of the landscape with fascinating inserts. The architecture of Antoine Predock is a unique experience for its users. Antoine Predock was born in 1936 in Lebanon, Missouri. He studied at the School of Architecture at the University of New Mexico and graduated from Columbia University. But it was in New Mexico where he cultivated his early concepts, learning to respect the cultural roots of the site, which serves as a principle for all his works. Learn more at “ New Mexico has formed my experience in an all-pervasive sense. I don't think of New Mexico as a region. I think of it as a force that has entered my system, a force that is composed of many things … Lessons learned in the American Southwest apply anywhere in the world - my "regionalism" is portable.” In addition to the natural conditions of the site, such as prevailing winds and movement of the sun that are basic to any project, Predock believes in the existing aura of the space, a transcendental power that emanates from the earth. Too philosophical? Looking at his work not so much. Influences During his period at Columbia University, Predock got involved with dance and body in space through the work of Jennifer Masley, Merce Cunningham, Yvonne Rainier, and then Anna Halprin. “This influenced my work profoundly. I think of my buildings as processional events, as choreographic events; they are an accumulation of vantage points both perceptual and experiential.” His early education was based on modernism and considers the influence of of a young Louis Kahn, very important for his career. The intensity and attention to Frank Lloyd Wright's details were also important for him. Projects Some of his projects seem more to be acts of nature, as if the ground shifted for a moment and stopped again. However, other projects seem to be in constant motion, telling a story in each detail of the building. All these elements added up to a line of simple raw materials, makes a mere look at his work become an indescribable experience. In 2006, Predock was awarded the AIA Gold Medal, joining a select group of award-winning architects. The office Antoine Predock Architect PC now has 3 studios: Taipei, California and identified as its base, New Mexico. School of Architecture and Planning, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA Trinity River Audubon Center, Dallas, Texas, USA Highlands Pond House, Colorado, USA Rice University South Plant, Houston, Texas, USA San Diego Padres Ballpark, San Diego, California, USA Cornerstone Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA Mesa del Sol Town Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA Robert Hoag Rawlings Public Library, Pueblo, USA Student Activity and Recreation Center, Columbus, Ohio, USA Austin City Hall and Public Plaza, Austin, Texas, USA Flint RiverQuarium, Albany, Georgia Logjam House, Rio Blanco, USA Gateway Center and Plaza, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA Arizona Science Center, Phoenix, Arizona, USA “Critical to the spirit in my work is the enigmatic quality of the desert. You think you've got it, you think you understand; then you turn over a rock or crawl under a larger rock and you discover other worlds, other realms within.” Venice House, Venice, California, USA West Mesa House, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA Dance Studio, San Diego, California, USA Social Sciences and Humanities Building, Davis, California, USA Mesa Public Library, Los Alamos, USA Rosenthal House, Manhattan Beach, California, USA “I personally retain a hands-on connection to my design process working with clay, ink, pastel and collage, but I feel deeply connected to the digital realm at the same time. Computer technologies and the expansive internet only make my studio’s process richer, more complex and more complete than ever before. I have extraordinarily talented, young colleagues who have grown up in cyberspace.” Canadian Museum for Human Rights, Winnipeg, Canada National Palace Museum Southern Branch, Chiayi County, Taiwan National Archive of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Architect Day: Tadao Ando

He was a truck driver and boxer, he taught himself architecture as he didn't like school and preferred to study his way, visiting and analyzing the works. Tadao Ando has consolidated his name by performing an architecture that's pure, allowing the user to experience space and nature in his works. Tadao Ando was born in Osaka, Japan, on September 13, 1941 and was raised by his grandmother. At 10 to 17 years of age, he worked with a local carpenter where he learned to work with wood, building model airplanes and ships. School-wise, Tadao chose his own method of learning, outside the classroom through visits to buildings in the region and always with a lot of reading about architecture. He studied architecture at his own pace and also visited other customs, cultures and buildings in Europe and North America. “I was never a good student. I always preferred learning things on my own outside of class. When I was about 18, I started to visit temples, shrines and tea houses in Kyoto and nara; There's a lot of great traditional architecture in the area. I was studying architecture by going to see actual building, and reading books about them.” Influences Architecture had taken over his mind at 15 when he bought a book of drawings by Le Corbusier. Tadao went over the sketches of the book until the paper become black and while drawing, he thought about how he had arrived at that concept, which would have arisen those brilliant solutions. In addition to Le Corbusier, the books purchased by Tadao were from the likes of Mies Van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, Loius Kahn and Frank Lloyd Wright. Works Certainly his experiences in North America and Europe helped Tadao Ando to form ideas and concepts about architecture and what he could do in his projects. In 1969 he founded the firm "Tadao Ando Architect & Associates." Tadao established in his work relationships between three main elements: order, people, and emotive force. He does this very well by using natural elements such as light, which is an important factor in all his projects, the sky and the wind. Azuma House, Osaka, Japan Rokko Residential Conjunction, Kobe, Japan Church of the Light, Osaka, Japan Church on the Water, Tomamu, Japan Langen Foundation, Neuss, Germany “As an architect you have to do your best work for any project, but for me the most satisfying thing is when architecture can do something to make people's lives better, to inspire them.” Atelier in Oyodo, Osaka, Japan Modern Art Museum of Forth Worth, Forth Worth, USA The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St Louis, USA Armani World Headquarters, Milan, Italy Vitra Seminar House, Weil am Rhein, Germany Stone Hill Center, Williamstown, USA Water Temple, Awaji Island, Japan Museum of Wood Culture, Kami, Japan Koshino House, Hyogo, Japan Japan Pavillion, Expo `92, Sevilha, Spain Ryotaro Shiba Memorial Museum, Higashiosaka, Japan “... in my life I have done many things, at one time I was a boxer... I was never a good student. I always preferred learning things on my own.” Awaji-Yumebutai, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan

Architect Day: Renzo Piano

This week we're going to talk about Renzo Piano and his main works that marked the history of architecture. Technology, in its unique and unusual ways, is still characteristic of his work that leaves people perplexed in all corners of the world. Renzo Piano was born in Genova, Italy, on September 14th 1937. In a family full of builders, we are fortunate to have contradicted the logic, and consequently having him become one of the greatest architects of the world. He started at the School of Architecture Polytechnic of Milan. Still as a student, he gained a lot of experience working alongside Franco Albini and with his father's construction company where he got a more hands-on practice. After graduating, he travelled to Great Britain and the United States, which proved to be very significant to his career, especially with his new-found friendship with Jean Prouvé. Influences Jean Prouvé was a great influence in his professional life. Renzo also worked with Louis Kahn in Philadelphia and with Makowski in London before founding the office "Piano & Rogers" in 1971, a partnership with the English architect Richard Rogers. With this partnership came a great project that stood out in a landscape already considered to be the most beautiful city of the world: the Centre Pompidou in Paris. A beautiful urban inclusion for a cultural complex, which today is part of the city and is among the main tourist sights to be seen in the French city. Centre Pompidou, Paris, France. The project was elected in what was the first competition for projects in France, the jury was formed by none other than Oscar Niemeyer, Jean Prouvé and Philip Johnson. “Every time people spoke to us about culture, we felt strange... we felt completely alien to the spirit of the competition and to the atmosphere of what was becoming an important event. Our apply was the school children poking out their thongs at the examiners.” In 1977 he founded the "L'Atelier Piano & Rice", in partnership with Peter Rice with whom he worked in various projects until his death in 1992. Works After the death of Rice, he founded the office "Renzo Piano Building Workshop" which is set currently based in Genoa and Paris, with more than 100 professionals involved in their projects, including architects, engineers and specialists. Renzo Piano takes advantage of the technology in his projects, always in search of the benefits it can bring to the comfort and needs of the user. In his career he has won major architectural awards, such as the Pritzker Prize, in 1998, and the AIA Gold Medal in 2008. Menil Collection Museum, Houston, USA Kansai International Airport, Osaka, Japan J.M Tjibaou Cultural Centre, Nouméa, New Caledonia Beyeler Foundation Museum, Riehen, Switzerland Extension to the High Museum of Art, Atlanta, USA “A museum, ... is a place where one should lose one's head -- and I hope you will lose it.” Auditorium Parco della Musica, Rome, Italy Padre Pio Pilgrimage Church, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy Maison Hermes, Tokyo, Japan Reconstruction of the Potsdamer Platz, Berlin, Germany Zentrum Paul Klee The New York Times Building, New York, USA Façade System for the Luna Rossa Team Base, Valencia, Spain Redevelopment of the Genova Old Harbour San Nicola Football Stadium, Bari, Italy Ferrari Wind Tunel, Maranello, Italy National Center for Science and Technology, Amsterdam, Holland In 2008, Renzo Piano's team finished a great work, the California Academy of Sciences designed according to the strategies of sustainability. The result appears in the union of technology, the necessity of a great genius. Natural ventilation in large areas of the building, careful choice of building materials, efficient use and reuse of water, and power generation are some of the elements addressed in this strategy. California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA

Architect Day: Oscar Niemeyer

Every week we're going to post about architects that make or have made history influencing many. Nothing better to start us off than with a great Brazilian architect who has been referred to worldwide for having turned architecture into a popular subject in his country, and even today at almost 102 years of age, still continues to gift us with his work. Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida de Niemeyer Soares Filho was born in Rio de Janeiro on December 15th, 1907. As a child he was always outlining imaginary buildings in the air with his finger and at times even correcting himself, already searching for the perfection that makes his work today. He married young at 21 years of age, and with this new responsibility he started to work and went back to school. In 1934 he received his Architecture and Engineering diploma at the School of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro. Influences Right after having graduated, Neimeyer, who didn't appreciate commercial architecture of the time, looked for an office where he could work with a new type of architecture, one that fit more his ideas. Without pay, he started working at the office of Lúcio Costa and Carlos Leão. In Brazil at the time, it was few who dared to reach modernism. "Well, there were groups, three or four, I don't know, that already worked with those influences… in the line of Corbusier. We took it seriously, like a catechism. But still we hadn't "felt" the essence of his art. For me, the real influence came from talking to him… When he told me: "Architecture is invention!". That word… well… it was something very important for me." He met Le Corbusier when he was integrated in the commission formed to define the plans of the headquarters of the Ministry of Education and Health in Rio de Janeiro where the master of modernism supervised. Works His first work individually executed was the building "Obra do Berço" in Rio de Janeiro. The building was designed in reinforced concrete structure, containing the fundamental elements of modern architecture: free structure, free plan, free facade, stilts and patio. After projects executed by the office of Lucio Costa, Niemeyer met, in 1940, the mayor of Belo Horizonte, Juscelino Kubitschek, who had an interest in developing an area north of the city. Niemeyer is responsible for designing the "Pampulha architectural complex". With a daring and controversial project at the time, show up clearly in these works, his appreciation for the arts. p> "My concern, since the first project I did, was the integration with the arts. I think the architecture and the arts should come together" VBS TV This project brought about an international repercussion to his name, and established an important bond with Juscelino designing his home and building the future capital of his country. But before the project of Brasilia, there were a series of outstanding works such as the headquarters of Banco Boavista, Odessa College, Copan Joint and the UN headquarters in New York, a joint project with Corbusier, among others. “When I make a building, I am not satisfied until I know that it inspires awe, that it inspires feeling.” The Challenge of Constructing a Capital Building a powerful city with a short execution time, was how Niemeyer and Lucio Costa, his former boss started the project. With the modernist concepts of the city, the stage was being built with Niemeyer's artworks being implemented. Taking full advantage possible from using concrete, he created works known to the world and they transformed the city into a one of a kind experience. "...who goes to Brasilia, may or may not like the palaces, but either way can not say they've seen something like that before. And architecture is this - invention." Oscar Niemeyer Around the World Niemeyer went around the world with his projects. Germany, Cuba, Lebanon, United States, Israel, Portugal, Congo, France, Algeria, Italy, Mexico, Britain, Saudi Arabia, Belgium, Bolivia, Libya, United Arab Emirates, Nicaragua, Cape Verde, Senegal, Uruguay, Norway, Russia , Spain, Chile and Venezuela, are places where you can contemplate the works of this great master of architecture.